Every literary work raises at least one major issue. In your introduction you will also define the idea or issue of the text that you wish to examine in your analysis. This is sometimes called the thesis or research question. It is important that you narrow the focus of your essay.
Four types of essay: expository, persuasive, analytical, argumentative
After stating the problem, present your argument. You must decide if the author accomplishes his goal of conveying his ideas to the reader. Do not forget to support your assumptions with examples and reasonable judgment. Personal response Your personal response will show a deeper understanding of the text and by forming a personal meaning about the text you will get more out of it. Do not make the mistake of thinking that you only have to have a positive response to a text.
Types of Essays
If a writer is trying to convince you of something but fails to do so, in your opinion, your critical personal response can be very enlightening. The key word here is critical. Base any objections on the text and use evidence from the text. Personal response should be in evidence throughout the essay, not tacked on at the end. Conclusion related to the analysis and the argument Your conclusion should explain the relation between the analyzed text and the presented argument. Tips for writing analytical essays: Be well organized. Plan what you want to write before you start.
It is a good idea to know exactly what your conclusion is going to be before you start to write. When you know where you are going, you tend to get there in a well organized way with logical progression. Analytical essays normally use the present tense. When talking about a text, write about it in the present tense. Do not use slang or colloquial language the language of informal speech.
Why do we write essays?
Do not use contractions. Create an original title, do not use the title of the text. Analysis does not mean retelling the story. The language of the question, especially the directive task words, will indicate the type of essay and suggest an appropriate structure to follow in your essay. Often, assignments have more than one part. The most logical way to approach a multi-part assignment is to address each part of the task in the order that it is stated on the assignment task sheet.
The first sentence of each section of the assignment should be a direct response to each part of the task. This is perhaps the most common structure. Examples of this include questions which ask you to discuss, analyse, investigate, explore or review. In an analytical structure you are required to break the topic into its different components and discuss these in separate paragraphs or sections, demonstrating balance where possible.
Examples of this type of essay include questions which ask you to take a position on a topic, such as a particular decision or policy, and present arguments which support your position. An effective way to argue a point can be to present the opposing view first then counter this view with stronger evidence. Based on this data, you may be asked to do a range of things such as provide recommendations or solutions, develop a nursing care plan, a teaching plan, suggest legal advice or plan a marketing strategy. Examples of this type of essay include compare, compare and contrast or differentiate questions.
Your assignment task may require you to make a recommendation about the suitability of the items you are comparing. These essay questions often require you to structure your answer in several parts. An example may be to ask you to investigate a problem and explore a range of solutions. You may also be asked to choose the best solution and justify your selection, allow space for this in your essay.
Examples of this type of essay include questions which ask you to state or investigate the effects or outline the causes of the topic. This may be, for example, an historical event, the implementation of a policy, a medical condition or a natural disaster. These essays may be structured in one of two ways: either the causes s of a situation may be discussed first followed by the effect s , or the effect s could come first with the discussion working back to outline the cause s.
Last year at a school in Detroit, teachers allegedly provided their students with answers to statewide standard tests. The University of Victoria uses this sample essay to demonstrate the importance of straightforward clarity in an expository essay. Ancient Chinese aristocrats bound their feet as a show of femininity; American and European women in the s cinched in their waists so tightly, some suffered internal damage; in some African cultures, women continue to wear plates in their lower lips, continually stretching the skin to receive plates of larger size. The North American ideal of beauty has continually focused on women's bodies: the tiny waist of the Victorian period, the boyish figure in vogue during the flapper era, and the voluptuous curves that were the measure of beauty between the s and s.
Current standards emphasize a toned, slender look, one that exudes fitness, youth, and health. According to psychologist Eva Szekely, "Having to be attractive at this time In North America today, thinness is a precondition for being perceived by others and oneself as healthy. In an argumentative essay , the writer is trying to convince the reader of something. He or she will demonstrate the validity or falsity of a topic.
The writer's position will be backed up with evidence, including statistics or the opinion of experts. In these essays, the writer isn't merely offering an opinion, but making an argument for or against something, and supporting that argument with data. To write an argumentative essay, it's important to research and back up what you say in the text. For more detail, here are some argumentative essay writing tips. When it's time to stand your ground and make a strong case, allow these excerpts to help get you started.
A vast majority of citizens believe that if gun control is strictly enforced, it would quickly reduce the threat of crime. Many innocent people feel they have the right to bear arms for protection, or even for the pleasure of hunting.
These people are penalized for protecting their lives, or even for enjoying a common, innocent sport. To enforce gun control throughout the nation means violating a person's Constitutional rights. Although some people feel that the issue of gun control will limit crime, the issue should not exist due to the fact that guns are necessary for self defense against crime, and enforcing gun control is violating a citizen's second amendment right to bear arms.
An argumentative essay from Bogazici University offers a bit of a dramatic flair, which is important to making a strong argument. A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for your health, which should at least come as good news to people who cannot afford to buy expensive medicine.
However, it is a blow to the medicine industry, and an even bigger blow to our confidence in the progress of science. This new theory argues that healing is at our fingertips: we can be healthy by doing Reiki on on a regular basis.
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Essay By Example dives deeply into an argument touting the benefits of online gaming. As millions of gamers demonstrate, playing online is about friendship and cooperation, not just killing monsters. These games are a viable social network because players focus on teamwork, form groups with like-minded people and have romantic relationships with other players. The games are social in nature as they allow players to band together and complete missions based on a story line, or test their skills by fighting against each other. At the start of the game, the user creates a fictional character, and customizes its physical appearance.
Since many games involve combat, players also outfit their characters with armor and weapons, as well as choose their "profession.
Related types of essay according to structure
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