Photo: Depression era breadline, Q: How do R ights B ecome L aw? ANSWER: International human rights law provides an important framework for guaranteeing the rights of all people, regardless of where they live.
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International human rights law is contained in many different types of documents, including treaties, charters, conventions, and covenants. Despite the different official names, these documents are all considered treaties and have the same effect under international law: countries that ratify a treaty are legally obligated to protect the rights it describes. The human rights treaty process usually begins at the United Nations or a similar international body.
Legal and subject matter experts might first create a draft of the treaty. After the draft is written, the UN or other body will arrange a meeting between representatives of interested countries to negotiate the final terms, or content, of the treaty. This can be a lengthy process if large numbers of countries want to participate in the drafting process.
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Non-governmental organizations are sometimes allowed to offer recommendations during some of the stages of the drafting process. After the negotiating countries agree on a final text of the treaty, the treaty is opened for ratification by countries that want to become parties to it.
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Countries have different methods for acceding to or ratifying treaties. For the United States to become a party to a treaty, the president must first sign it, and then present it to the Senate, where two-thirds of the senators must vote to ratify it. Through ratification, a country agrees to be legally bound by the terms of the treaty.
Countries that ratify treaties are allowed to enter reservations to those instruments. Many countries have entered reservations to the major human rights treaties, which can limit the effectiveness of the treaties in protecting people against abuses committed by their governments. S ources. Quick Links.
Human Rights Outlined in the International Bill of Rights The right to equality and freedom from discrimination The right to life, liberty, and personal security Freedom from torture and degrading treatment The right to equality before the law The right to a fair trial The right to privacy Freedom of belief and religion Freedom of opinion Right of peaceful assembly and association The right to participate in government The right to social security The right to work The right to an adequate standard of living The right to education The right to health The right to food and housing Q : Who is Res p onsible for Upholding Human Rights?
Government parties to a treaty must do the following: Respect Protect Fulfill Governments must not deprive people of a right or interfere with persons exercising their rights.
For example, governments can: Create constitutional guarantees of human rights. Provide ways for people who have suffered human rights violations by the government to seek legal remedies from domestic and international courts. Sign international human rights treaties.
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For example, governments can: Prosecute perpetrators of human rights abuses, such as crimes of domestic violence. Educate people about human rights and the importance of respecting the human rights of others. Cooperate with the international community in preventing and prosecuting crimes against humanity and other violations. For example, governments can: Provide free, high-quality public education.
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Human Rights Day – Justice Revival
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HUMAN RIGHTS DAY
It is the most translated document in the world, available in more than languages. Drafted by representatives of diverse legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration sets out universal values and a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations.
It establishes the equal dignity and worth of every person. Thanks to the Declaration, and States' commitments to its principles, the dignity of millions has been uplifted and the foundation for a more just world has been laid.
While its promise is yet to be fully realized, the very fact that it has stood the test of time is testament to the enduring universality of its perennial values of equality, justice and human dignity. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights empowers us all. The principles enshrined in the Declaration are as relevant today as they were in We need to stand up for our own rights and those of others.
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