The answer depends largely on the adaptation of anti-corruption measures by both the government and the citizens.
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It is essential for all the Indians to stop taking bribe and also to stop offering bribe in any form. This is the foundation on which the success of any anti- corruption measure will depend. A recent example of anti- corruption measure has been adopted by Mr.
Anna Hazare against the existing system of government. He was of the opinion that the Lokpal Bill should be passed in both the houses of the Parliament as a result of which all the ministers and the members of the Parliament would become answerable before the law. The movement also supported by Mr. This is the foundation on which the success of any anti- corruption measure will depend.
A recent example of anti- corruption measure has been adopted by Mr. Anna Hazare against the existing system of government. He was of the opinion that the Lokpal Bill should be passed in both the houses of the Parliament as a result of which all the ministers and the members of the Parliament would become answerable before the law. The movement also supported by Mr. Arvind Kejriwal and was successful initially because it instilled among the citizens the awareness of the necessity to pass the Lokpal bill but this movement proved to be unsuccessful in the later stages when the Lokpal bill failed to pass.
Corruption is an incurable disease which all the citizens should try to combat by hook or by crook.
Hence, it is difficult to procure evidence against the guilty. The heads of the departments, though unaware of the crime of their subordinates, are not in a position to take action against them for want of adequate proof for their conviction. Hence they are apt to lend their support to such employees whatever the case.
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This makes the position of the concerned officer awkward and demoralizes him. Such a support is a sort of corruption which invites denunciation. No civil servant shall be dismissed or removed by an authority subordinate to that by which he was appointed. Moreover, no such person shall be dismissed or removed or reduced in rank until he has been given a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the action proposed to be taken in regard to him.
All these causes have led to vitiating of atmosphere in India. Corruption is on the ascendance. Honest and scrupulous employees are becoming rare commodities. Efforts are, however, afoot to rid the nation of this malady of corruption which is deeply rooted in the Indian polity and is eroding our democratic edifice. At the end of , cases of corruption in the Railway Department were also entrusted to it. It did not effect any change in the jurisdiction, powers and functions of the Establishment.
The C. To avoid duplication of efforts, the administrative arrangement has been arrived at between the Central and the State Governments regarding the type of cases to be earmarked for the CBI. The CBI can also take up cases against employees of statutory bodies or public undertakings established and financed by the Government of India. It deals with criminal cases pertaining to corruption, fraud committed by Government department, Delhi Public Sector undertakings and financial institutions. Secondly it deals with economic crimes including bank frauds. Thirdly, it deals with special crimes viz..
Fourthly, it investigates Cyber Crime Cases. Due to its meritorious work it has been kept directly under cabinet secretariat and not Ministry of Personnel since January 30, On its insistence, a committee consisting of seven members—5 M. Ps and 2 senior officials of the Ministry of Home Affairs and with K. Santhanam as Chairman—was appointed in June, In a way, it was required to examine the working of the vigilance machinery of the Government of India and recommend improvements in their working.
In order to implement these recommendations, the Government of India strengthened the CBI and vested it with additional powers.
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It was suggested that all records and documents required by the CBI should be placed at their disposal for inspection and scrutiny within a fortnight of such a request. The Administrative Vigilance Division was established in August, It assumed the over-all responsibility and provided the necessary drive, direction and co-ordination to ensure sustained and vigorous action by individual ministries and departments. The Central Vigilance Commission is to consist of three directorates, viz. The Central Vigilance Commissioner is to be the chief executive of the commission.
He is to be appointed by the President of India for a period of six years or until he attains the age of 65 years whichever is earlier.
The Commission was located in the Ministry of Home Affairs in the initial stages but accorded a statutory status. I, or the concerned agency. Act The commission reviews the progress of investigations into offences alleged under the Act and also the progress of the action on requests for sanctioning prosecution under the Act. The Commission is required to submit an annual report to the Ministry of Home Affairs about its activities.
The Government considered the recommendations of the Santhanam Committee too far reaching. Hence, they were rejected partially. Instead of setting up a statutory commission of high officials, the Government established a commission of non-officials in A retired Senior Administrator of I. The Commission possessed the powers of investigation of corruption.
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The S. I do not fall within its purview. This clearly reflects that the commission is a mere shadow of the proposed Central Vigilance Organization. It has been given the power of superintendence over the CBI functioning.
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He provides a link between the Central Vigilance Commission and the Ministries. Likewise, a vigilance officer has been attached with subordinate offices and public sector undertakings. Each chief vigilance officer is to be appointed in consultation with the Central Vigilance Commission and the vigilance officers in the attached offices in consultation with the chief vigilance officer of the respective ministry. The chief vigilance officer is of the rank of a deputy secretary and vigilance officers are of the rank of under secretaries.
The assessment is recorded in the character rolls of the officers. All proposals for re-organizing or strengthening the vigilance organisation are referred to the Central Vigilance Commission for scrutiny. There is a State Vigilance Commission in each State.
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